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Summer heat receding, here comes the autumn

2022-Sep-23       Source: newsgd.com

The traditional Chinese lunar calendar divides the year into 24 solar terms. The Autumn Equinox is the 16th solar term of the year and also the 4th solar term in autumn. This day marks the sun's crossing above Earth’s equator and almost equal day and night.

暑退秋意凉,秋分昼夜均

Summer heat is receding, and crisp air comes with autumn. On the Autumn Equinox, the day and night are of equal length.

9月23日是中国传统二十四节气中的第十六个节气“秋分”,也是秋季的第四个节气。此时太阳几乎直射在赤道上,昼夜平分。

. The Autumn Equinox is the 16th solar term of the year and also the 4th solar term in autumn. This day marks the sun's crossing above Earth’s equator and almost equal day and night.

俗话说“一场秋雨一场寒”,秋分过后,气温降低的速度明显加快,昼夜温差逐渐加大,秋色宜人。我国大部分地区雨季刚刚结束,将先后迎来凉风习习、秋高气爽的秋季。

As a Chinese saying goes, “the temperature drops a bit after each autumn rain”. Temperatures drop more rapidly, and the difference in temperature between day and night is increasingly remarkable. The autumn weather is pleasant. The rainy season in most parts of China has just ended, followed by autumn days with a brisk wind and fresh weather.

著名广府文化学者饶原生介绍,秋分曾是传统的“祭月节”,如今的中秋节则是由传统的“祭月节”而来。在尚未有中秋节之前,秋分当天,人们会赏月、祭月、拜月。

The Autumn Equinox was the traditional festival for making sacrifices to the moon. The Mid-Autumn Festival we celebrate now originates from it. Before the Mid-Autumn Festival became a fixed day of celebration, people watched the moon, worshiped it, and made sacrifices to it on the day of the autumn equinox.

民以食为天。时至秋分,在岭南地区,客家人会有吃秋菜的习俗,秋菜即一种野苋菜。客家人将其和鱼片一起熬制成秋汤,意在阖家老少,平安健康。

In South China, there is a Hakka custom of eating quicai (an autumn vegetable) on the Autumn Equinox. Quicai is a kind of wild amaranth. Hakka people make qiutang (autumn soup) with this vegetable and fish to wish their family members safety and good health.

秋分到,蛋儿俏。秋分时节,还有着“竖蛋”的习俗。在这天,世界各地会有数以百计的人进行“竖蛋”活动。主要是选择一个光滑均匀、刚生下四五天的新鲜鸡蛋,放置在桌子上,将其竖立起来。玩法简单且富有趣味,深受人们的喜爱。

Another custom of the Autumn Equinox is egg balancing. People around the world try to balance an egg on this day. For this, you'd better choose an egg with a smooth surface, which a hen laid 4 or 5 days ago. Put it on the table and balance it. This game is simple but interesting, and many people enjoy it.

休养生息。秋季天气干燥,秋分之前有暑气的余热,秋分之后则寒凉渐重,多出现凉燥。为防止凉燥,人们应坚持锻炼身体,增强体质,重在益肺润燥。在饮食方面,应多食用一些清润、温润的食物,如芝麻、蜂蜜等,意在滋阴润肺、养阴生津。

It is time for health preservation. In the dry autumn, the combination of residual summer heat before the Autumn Equinox and cold weather after the Autumn Equinox could lead to too much heat in the human body. To prevent such discomfort, you should stick to exercising to keep healthy and focus on getting rid of the heat in your lungs. Mild and heat-relieving foods should be added to the daily diet, such as sesame and honey, which can nourish and replenish the human body’s essential fluid and remove heat from the lungs.

Editor: Eastbrook

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