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China expects another successful five years
Latest Updated by 2006-03-01 09:41:30
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The efforts and progress on the scientific development is the most notable highlight in China's experience in the past five years. The idea of scientific development will continue to be the cornerstone on which relies China's another five-year aspiration.

Looking back at the past five years

According to the National Bureau of Statistics, China's GDP reached 18.2 trillion yuan in 2005, which is equivalent to 2.22 trillion US dollars in terms of the average exchange rate. The per capita GDP is 1,703 US dollars. The growth of GDP is 9.9 percent higher than the previous year.

Actually China's economy was on a fast track of at least 9.9 percent in the past five years and even some 10 percent in the recent three years.

Other achievements include the grain output of 484 billion kilograms last year, 14.6 billion kilograms, or 3.1 percent more than the previous year. Industrial enterprises above the scale of annual sales totaling at least 5 million yuan reported added value of 6.6 trillion yuan, up 16.4 percent, and profits of 1.4 trillion yuan, an increase of 22.6 percent.

The foreign trade valued 1.42 trillion US dollars, rising 23.2 percent over the year 2004.

To implement the concept of scientific development, China has tried to take care of the quality and benefits of the growth, strike the balance between economic and social development, urban and rural development and the paces of different areas. The harmonious co-existence between man and nature has also been one of the priorities.

Revolutionary breakthroughs have resulted from a series of national sci-tech programs, including the 863 project, 973 project, as well as major specialized projects. China has independently developed universal chips and super computer and made remarkable progress on research of human genome and new drugs for diabetes. The country has also pushed the frontier forward on super rice growing and made the maiden historic manned space flight.

China has made tremendous efforts in dealing with the problem of oversupply in some sectors to build a better-structured industry. It encourages the fast and healthy development of the service sector after it revitalized the manufacturing industry. It gives full support to the hi-tech industry while preventing blind investment and expansion at a low level. Stricter market access is imposed while there is control over land and bank loans.

Farmers have benefited from the reform in the past five years when the agricultural tax had been reduced and then annulled. Direct subsidies were granted to farmers and more investment went to construction of rural infrastructure. The pilot project of a new type of rural cooperative health service was launched. The government took actions to help migrant workers get their defaulted salaries.

Regional economies began to take off and a mechanism to boost the healthy development of the regional economies within the country would be in place. Regional economies in Bohai Rim, Yangtze River Delta and Pearl River Delta have all taken shape and increasingly integrated. The strategy of developing China's west goes smoothly. The old industrial base in northeast China embarked on its road of revitalization while research on promoting the rise of the central part of the country was initiated.

The whole society has come to the consensus on sustainable development. China is facing increasingly serious problems of resources and environment. The country is imposing the most strict arable land protection measures in the world. In addition, it has advocated the development of circular economy. Higher emission standards have been applied on automobiles. Large coal-fired power plants must set up desulfurizing facilities. The idea of building a resource-saving and environmentally friendly society has been proposed. Law has been formulated to encourage the development of renewable energy.

The government recognizes the desire and rights of the public for the social fairness and sharing the fruits of the economic development. It's taken various measures to provide more jobs and have the social security system cover more people.

Aid stations were set up to help beggars and the homeless. Free legal service was given to the needy. Actions were taken to make drugs more affordable to patients and to make it easier for people to see doctor. Rural compulsory education got more funds. The problem of education for children of migrant workers is being addressed.

Action plan for the next five years

Realizing that the next five years will be crucial for China to make its ambition of a comprehensive well-off society come true, the CPC central committee drafted its proposal for the blueprint of the 11th Five-year Plan (2006-2010).

The proposal builds the next five-year strategy on four focal ideas: scientific development, independent innovation, systematic reforms and social harmony.

Six principles must be adhered to in the course of practicing the idea of scientific development: sustaining the fast and steady development of the economy, accelerating transformation of the economic growth model, enhancing the competence in independent innovation, promoting the balance between the rural and urban development, stepping up efforts on building a harmonious society, and deepening the reform and opening-up.

The proposal sets all-board targets for the country's economic and social life. Doubled per capita GDP and a 20 percent reduction in energy consumption per unit GDP are two of the most important targets. It also specifies goals for labor market, compulsory education, public health care service, public safety and social security.

The proposal addresses the issue of agriculture, farmers and rural development by calling for "building a new socialist countryside". The vision depicted in the proposal is developed economy, better-off life, civilized morals, clean villages, and democratic management.

The competence in independent innovation and a national system for innovation are defined as the new engine to power the sustainable economic development. Only a stronger independent innovation capability will make the sci-tech progress and industrial restructuring possible.

With regard to further reform and opening-up, the proposal recognizes that China's reform is at the crucial stage and calls for consolidation of resolution to make "breakthroughs" on major systematic reforms which is decisive to the overall economic and social development.

The proposal takes the outlook for a harmonious society on board. It stresses more attention to the balanced economic and social development, faster take-off of social undertakings, and more comprehensive human development.

It also highlights the significance of improving the social fairness so that all the people in the country can reap the fruits of the development. Efforts to have democracy and law prevail should be consolidated. It requires proper dealing of the relationship between reform, development and stability in order to secure the peace and unity of the society.

The roadmap to achieve this, says the proposal, is to create more jobs, perfect social security system, adjust the income distribution, enrich the cultural life, offer better health care service and safeguard the lives and properties of the people.

The forthcoming fourth session of the National People's Congress which will be inaugurated in Beijing on March 5th and attended by 3,000 representatives will review and approve the program of the 11th Five-year Plan which is drafted on the basis of the proposal.

That means the program will be turned into the national action plan that must be followed and implemented.

Editor: Yan

By: Source: People's Daily website
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