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[Health] Sleep disruptions may increase blood clot risk
Latest Updated by 2007-03-28 14:48:03

Relatively healthy individuals with sleep disruptions at night may have an increased risk associated with development of a blood clot, also referred to as a thrombus, according news reports quoting medical journal Chest Wednesday.

"There is an extensive literature demonstrating that sleep disruption is associated with increased coronary artery disease risk, but the possible mechanism for that association has been unclear," said lead author Dr. Joel E. Dimsdale, of the University of California San Diego.

"In previous work, we have found that sleep disruption was associated with pro-coagulant activity in patients with obstructive sleep apnea and in patients facing major life stress," he continued. "The current study reports similar findings even in a relatively healthy population."

Dimsdale and colleagues examined whether sleep disruptions were associated with increased levels of prothrombotic factors previously shown to predict the risk of coronary artery disease.

A polysomnograph, conducted in a sleep laboratory, involved the measurement of brain waves to record sleep cycles and stages, plus monitoring muscle activity, eye movement, breathing rate, blood pressure, blood oxygen levels and heart rate. The patient was also directly observed during sleep.

A total of 135 unmedicated subjects with an average of 37 years in age, without a history of sleep disorders underwent full-night polysomnography. The researchers also recorded blood levels of factors associated with blood clotting and oxygen saturation. In their analyses, they accounted for the effects of age, gender, ethnicity, body mass index, blood pressure, and smoking history.

The investigators found that a higher score on total arousal index and longer periods of wakefulness interrupting sleep were associated with higher levels of the von Willebrand Factor antigen and soluble tissue factor antigen, respectively, both of which are linked with blood coagulation.

An association was also observed between average oxygen saturation levels of less than 90 percent and the plasminogen activator inhibitor antigen, also involved in coagulation, although this relationship was not statistically significant.

Editor: Donald

By: Source:China View website
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