Zhuhai is situated on the west bank of the Pearl River, overlooking Hong Kong and Shenzhen across the outlet of the Pearl River, bordering on Macao beside the South China Sea, neighboring Xinhui and Taishan in the west, and connecting Zhongshan in the north. It is an important entry and exit port to and from Hong Kong and Macao. In March 1979 it became a municipality at the prefecture level under the jurisdiction of the provincial government. In August, 1980, Zhuhai Special Economic Zone (SEZ) was established and empowered by the National People's Congress to enact its own local laws. It governs 3 administrative areas of Xiangzhou, Doumen and Jinwan and 5 economic zones of Zhuhai National High-tech Development Zone, Zhuhai Bonded Zone, Wanshan Maritime Development and Experiment Zone, Hengqin Economic & Technological Zone and Lingang Industrial Zone, and working Committee for Zhuhai Universities District. The Municipal Government is now seated in Xiangzhou District.
Zhuhai has a permanent population of 1,280,000. The total area covers 7,630 square kilometers, of which the land area is as large as 1,630 square kilometers. Its coastline runs 690 kilometers long and some 146 isles scatter amid the sea. Therefore it is also known as a city of hundreds of isles. Zhuhai is endowed with rich tourist attractions with prominent features. They are New Garden of Perfect Splendor, Lost City, the Residence of Chen Fang, Meixi Memorial Torri, Imperial Hot Springs, Crocodiles Isle, the Pearl Amusement Park, Agricultural Science and Technology Center. The beauty of Zhuhai attracts 10 million tourists from home and abroad every year.
Zhuhai is well furnished with facilities of information technology, energy, water supply and urban utilities. It has established a broadband and three-dimensional information transmission network with large-capacity optic fiber, digital microwave, and cabled and wireless all-range coverage. The service of long distance telephone calls can reach 1,800 cities inside and outside the country. The power and water supply can satisfy the needs of its citizens and industrial production. Zhuhai has an easy access to transportation network of sea, land and air . Its modern airport has an annual handling capacity of 100,000 times of take-off and landing and flights from Zhuhai can reach all the major cities in the country. The Zhuhai Port is one of the pivotal hubs in China, with potential space for the construction of over 100 berths ranging from10, 000- ton class to 25, 000-ton class , and an annual handling capacity of 150 million tons. It takes only 1.5 hours from Zhuhai to Guangzhou or Shenzhen by Beijing-Zhuhai Expressway.
Zhuhai is one of the regions with dynamic economic activities in South China. Its five dominant industries include electronics, telecommunications equipment, computer software, medicine, medical equipment, electromechanical devices and raw petrochemical materials. It has won for the fourth consecutive year the title of the "National Model City for Mutual Support between the Civilian and the Arm Forces", "National Model City of Environmental Protection", "National Model City of Hygiene", the "National Model City of Tourism", "Prize of the Best Practices for Improvement of Human Habitat" awarded by the United Nations Human Habitation Center, and the "National Demonstration Region for Ecological Preservation" designated by State Environmental Protection Administration.
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