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Jiangmen City (Wuyi Region)
Latest Updated by 2003-09-17 19:32:55

Located on the lower reaches of Xijiang River in the west of the Pearl River Delta in the south middle of Guangdong Province, Jiangmen had been a prosperous market town as early as in the Ming and Qing dynasties.

In 1902 during the late Qing Dynasty, Jiangmen was selected one of the port cities opened to the outside world and got an opportunity to expose itself to the outside world and to learn from the developed Western nations. Because of this early contact with the West, the local society is more open minded to new things, novel concepts and international conventions.

Jiangmen wasn't established as a city until in 1951, and then became a prefectural city consisting of four cities: Taishan, Kaiping, Heshan and Enping. Jiangmen City has its own three urban districts: Jianghai, Pengjiang and Xinhui. 

Jiangmen (also, Pengjiang) City covers an area of about 9 260 sq km and has a population of 3.8 million. It is also a well known hometown of three million overseas Chinese, scattered over 96 countries and regions in the world.

With Shunde, Zhongshan and Zhuhai's Domen District in the east, Yangdong County and Yangchun City in the west, Xinxing County, Gaoming and Nanhai cities in the north, Jiangmen faces the South Chine Sea in the south, linking closely to Hong Kong and Macao. Under its administration, there are three urban districts: Pengjiang, Jianghai and Xinhui, and four attached cities at county level: Taishan, Kaiping, Enping and Heshan.

    With a long history of foreign trade, Jiangmen was selected an open port as early as in 1902, and the first Customs was set up at Beijie in 1904. As a newly emerged industrial city, it is the center of the local trade in Central Guangdong.

With an industrial system of textile, electronic, plastic, garment, tannery, food processing, machine building, building materials and chemistry, Jiangmen is outstanding for its washing machines, biscuits and motorbikes with 2000 local products selling to over 70 countries and regions. Papermaking, sugar refining and Sanhang set of knives are long standing traditional businesses. Its fishery and fish farming are of economic importance.

As a hub of communications, Jiangmen is connected with its five attached cities by the first-class highways, such as Foshan-Kaiping Expressway and the National Highway No.105.

Jiangmen Port is the second largest river port in Guangdong and there are five ports open to international business: Jiangmen, Sanbu, Heshan, Xinxing and Guanghai, also with regular passenger liners shuttling between Hong Kong, Macao and those ports.

With southern subtropical and oceanic monsoon weather and with an annual average temperature of 21.8°C, Jiangmen is not only a fertile land of fish and rice, but also a country of lovely scenery, such as Bird Paradise, Yamen Cannon Terraces, Cha'an Temple, Mt.Guifengshan and Feishatan Beaches on Shangchuan Island.

Jiangmen is an important commercial center and a productive base on the Pearl River Delta. It is a newly merged industrial city, focusing on light industries: textile, sugar refining, mechanics, daily necessities, papermaking, sanitation industry, building materials and electronic business.

Jiangmen is located on the Pearl River and Jiangmen Port is the second largest river port in Guangdong. Baisha Temple is a well-known cultural relic in Jiangmen City. It is built in memory of Chen Baisha (also Chen Xianzhang), a philosopher of the Ming Dynasty. Chen and his followers formed the earliest local form of Lingnan culture. Jiangmen is also called Wuyi Region, for it is made up of five ancient towns, but they are cities now described as follows.

Editor: Catherine

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By:Jin Huikang Source:South CN
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