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Jiangmen Municipality
Latest Updated by 2003-08-18 16:50:59

Jiangmen Municipality is located in the mid south of Guangdong Province and the west of the Pearl River Delta, facing South China Sea. Since the city proper is situated at the juncture of Xijiang River and its branch Pengjiang River. Mount Yandun in the south and Mount Penglai in the north face each other forming a gate, hence the city name Jiangmen (the gateway of the river). In early seventeenth century, Jiangmen was flourishing in commerce and trade, serving as a trade center of the Pearl River Delta as well as one of the major commodities distribution centers in the middle and lower reaches of the Xijiang River. In 1902, Jiangmen was opened up as a trading port. In 1904, one of Guangdong's largest eight customs ports was set up in Beijie Street in Jiangmen. In 1983, Jiangmen Municipality was separated from Foshan Prefecture as a prefecture-level city under direct administration of Guangdong Province, with its jurisdiction covering Xinhui, Pengjiang, and Jianghai districts, and four county-level cities, namely, Taishan, Kaiping, Enping and Heshan, which have been known as Wuyi (five counties together with Xinhui). The municipal government is located on Xiqu Dadao, Jiangmen. Quite a few historical prominent figures were brought up in Jiangmen, including Chen Baisha (1428 -1500), philosopher and educator in the late Ming Dynastry(1368-1644); Liang Qichao (1873 - 1929), a representative of Reformers in early 2000s; Chen Shaobai(1869-1934), the forefather of Democratic Revolution; Feng Ru(1884-1912), the first Chinese aircraft pilot; and Situ Meitang(1868-1955), a famous leader among overseas Chinese.

Geographically, Jiangmen Municipality is located in an alluvial plain in river delta, with low hills dotted crisscrossed rivers and fertile soil. It has a subtropical marine climate with frequent frost, moderate temperature, and abundant rainfall, and is snow-free. Jiangmen boasts of rich mineral resources with 37 kinds of minable minerals, including limestone, silica sand, potassium feldspar, monazite, crystal, aquamarine, coal, tombarthite/rare earth, gold, silver, copper, iron, stannum and tungsten, among others.

Jiangmen is known in China as "the number one overseas Chinese hometown". 3.679 million of Chinese nationals living abroad and ethnic Chinese in 107 foreign countries and regions and compatriots in Hong Kong and Macao and Taiwan are originated from Wuyi (traditional name for the five counties in Jiangmen), accounting for one tenth of the total overseas Chinese. The family members and relatives of overseas Chinese in the Municipality account for 53% of its total population.

Jiangmen Municipality is a vital communication corridor in western Guangdong, with Guangzhou-Zhanjiang section of National Highway 325 running through the Municipality. Foshan-Kaiping Expressway, Jiangmen-Heshan Expressway, Xinhui-Taishan Expressway, Kaiping-Yangjiang Expressway, Xinhui and Taishan section of Western Guangdong Coastal Expressway have been completed and open to traffic. Jiangmen-Zhongshan Expressway and Yangjiang-Zhuhai Expressway are under construction. Xijiang and Tanjiang River Basin under Jiangmen jurisdiction have the advantage of river-sea through transport, which are navigable to Guangzhou and Wuzhou in Guangxi as well as Hong Kong and Macao. Jiangmen is 95 and 53 nautical miles away respectively from Hong Kong and Macao.

Jiangmen is a one of the top tourist cities in China with newly recognized Top Eight Attractions: Reflected Figure from Lake Donghu in Jiangmen's Donghu Park; Birds' Paradise of Xinhui's Tianma Village; Peak Guifeng among the forest on Xinhui's Hill Guifeng; Chuandao Island Folklore in Taishan's Shangchuan and Xiachuan Islands Seaside Resort; Dawn in Spring in Liyuan Garden of Kaiping's Tangko Town; Blockhouse Spectacle in Kaiping; Hot Springs Wonderland in Enping; Flitting Shadows of Wild Goose And the Shimmering Waves of Heshan's Mount Dayan. Other tourists attractions are Baishuidai Park, Chen Baisha Memorial Hall, Cha An Monastery, Islet of Ancient Ape, and Hongsheng Memorial Temple in Jiangmen, Yamen Fort, Ciyuan Temple of Yashan Hills, Former Residence of Liang Qichao(1873 - 1929), Chishi Tourist Scenic Spot and Mount Gudou in Xinhui, Mount Shihua in Taishan, Mount Liangjin in Kaiping and Peak Ao Feng in Enping.

Editor: Catherine

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