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Reference: Stories of Lady Xian in the Sui Dynasty (Excerpt)

2016-June-25       Source: Newsgd.com

Going through three turbulent dynasties, Lady Xian had always stuck to unification and fought against separation. She had made great contribution to the friendship and stability between ethnic Han and the different groups of ethnic Li.

During festivals, all the distant and close relatives of the Xian family of ethnic Li would have a big gathering. On those occasions, three lines of dazzling and eye-catching jewelry were always on display at the hall of the Xian family and the eighty-or-so-year-old Lady Xian would energetically educate her descendants, saying: “I have led ethnic Li to pay allegiance to the imperial court. I have done the same for all the three dynasties: the Liang dynasty (502-560), the Chen dynasty (557-589) and the Sui dynasty (581-618) with the same sincerity. All the treasures bestowed are all well-preserved and presented here as evidence. I hope you all behave and deal with people in the same way as I do throughout your life.”

Going through three turbulent dynasties, Lady Xian had always stuck to unification and fought against separation. She had made great contribution to the friendship and stability between ethnic Han and the different groups of ethnic Li.

Ethnic Li in Lingnan area is an ethnic group with a relatively large population apart from ethnic Han. In Gaoliang prefecture (currently Maoming city and Yangjiang city in Guangdong province), there were more than 100 thousand households of ethnic Li. Women in southern China are always renowned for their diligence, braveness and down-to-earth characteristic. Lady Xian, as one of the southern women, was known for her brightness, competence, kind-heartedness, impartiality as well as her courage to lead armies in war. Along the years, people of the family of Lady Xian had always been leaders of ethnic Li. The name of Lady Xian had already turned into a household word.

Xian Ting, brother of Lady Xian, once worked as the governor of Gaozhou (where Gaoliang prefecture was located) in the Liang dynasty (502-560). At that time, a prefecture chief named Feng Bao, who was good-looking, capable and experienced, came to this place. Soon after dictates of parents and words of matchmakers, Feng Bao and Lady Xian got married.

In Lingnan area, especially in Zhanjiang city of Guangdong province and Hainan province, people always honor Lady Xian. In Maoming city of Guangdong province, the hometown of Lady Xian, as well as in many other places, graves or temples of Lady Xian can be easily found. In recent years, Lady Xian is titled “Po Zu” (a kind of goddness) and her statue is carried out for gala parade for many times a year. Folk ballads and folklores depict her as an embodiment of wisdom, wit, justice, braveness and kind-heartedness.

After Emperor Wendi of the Sui dynasty (581-618) conquered the Chen dynasty (557-589), Lady Xian paid allegiance to the Sui dynasty with sincerity, successfully unifying Lingnan area.

By Ma Shu & Ma Da

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Editor: Monica Liu

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