The Qianhai and Shekou Area of the China (Guangdong) Pilot Free Trade Zone will be the city’s new center and demonstration zone for deeper cooperation between Guangdong, Hong Kong and Macao, and a point of strategic support for the Belt and Road Initiative, according to a comprehensive draft plan for the Qianhai-Shekou area’s development that was released by Shenzhen’s urban planning, land and resources commission last week.
The new plan adds an area of 9.7 square kilometers adjacent to the Qianhai-Shekou area, including the Mt. Dananshan and Mt. Xiaonanshan area, southern Shekou and part of Chiwan for consideration to ensure the integrity, structure and consistency of the plan.
The total 37.9 square kilometers of planned area is divided into sections, namely the Qianhai area, the Mt. Dananshan and Mt. Xiaonanshan area, the Shekou area and the southern Shekou and Chiwan area.
The comprehensive plan includes two parts: the main structure and overall planning. The main structure refers to “One Port, Two Belts and Seven Blocks.”
“One Port” refers to Shekou Port, which will be developed into an international ocean transport hub, while “Two Belts” refers to the coastal ecological culture belt and the urban comprehensive service belt. “Seven Blocks” includes Guiwan, Qianwan, Mawan, Cruise Home Port, Shekou, Chiwan, and the Mt. Dananshan and Mt. Xiaonanshan area.
The total floor area will be 47.25 million square meters, and around 25 to 26 million square meters will be used for industrial purposes. The floor space for residential use will reach 15 to 16 million square meters. Around 880,000 people will be employed in the area, and the number of residents will reach about 600,000.
Strategic and emerging industries, as well as high-end service industries, such as financial, commercial, information and technology services, international trade and modern logistics, and cultural and creative industries, will be given priority.
To maximize the efficiency of land development, the plan encourages centralized, unified and coordinated ground and underground land development through the designation of a certain number of development units.
The comprehensive plan also outlines underground development in the Qianhai-Shekou area, including Metro lines, rail lines, underground roads, bus depots, parking lots, pipelines, business streets and walkways.
The State Council approved the establishment of the Guangdong Pilot Free Trade Zone in December 2014, which covers the Nansha area in Guangzhou, the Qianhai-Shekou area in Shenzhen and the Hengqin area in Zhuhai.
The Political Bureau of the CPC Central Committee reviewed and approved the overall development plan of the Guangdong Pilot Free Trade Zone in March 2015, and on April 27, 2015, the Qianhai-Shekou area was officially inaugurated.
The Qianhai-Shekou area covers some 28.2 square kilometers.