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[opinion] FTZ pushes traditional foreign trade enterprises to transform
专家观点:广东自贸区倒逼传统外贸企业转型

2015-May-14       Source: Newsgd.com

The result of 117th Canton Fair proved that Guangdong’s processing trade enterprises are in trouble. Luckily, Guangdong pilot Free Trade Zone (GD FTZ) can provide an opportunity for these enterprises to transform.

The 117th Canton Fair was concluded on Mar 5th. It embraced 184,801 buyers, down 0.7 % from the 116th session and its transaction volume also went down 9.64% to 172 billion yuan (28 bln USD). Lin Jiang, deputy director of the Center for Studies of Hong Kong, Macao and Pearl River Delta and Institute for Free Trade Zone Research of Sun Yat-sen University, said the result is reasonable. It proved that Guangdong’s processing trade enterprises are in trouble. Luckily, Guangdong pilot Free Trade Zone (GD FTZ) can provide an opportunity for these enterprises to transform.

第117届广交会已于上周二闭幕,本届广交会采购商与会184,801人,较上届减少0.7%;累计出口成交1720.96亿元人民币(折合280.56亿美元),同比下降9.64%。对此,现任中山大学港澳珠江三角洲研究中心副主任、中山大学自贸区研究院副院长林江教授认为,广交会出现“双降”属于正常现象,也从侧面反映广东以加工贸易为主导的传统外贸发展面临挑战,而广东自贸区的建立将给这些企业提供转型的良好契机。

GD’s processing export is under great pressure

广东出口加工贸易前景堪忧

According to Lin, the international market is under recession and Guangdong cannot avoid that recession since its economic growth depends a lot on the export.

林教授称,世界经济进入慢速增长期,国际市场需求能力尚未恢复。因此受全球大环境影响,对于以出口导向为特征的广东经济来说将面临着较长时期的考验。

The labor intensive processing industry had a lion share of GD’s export. The industry faces the problem of increasing labor cost. In the last decade, China’s labor cost increased rapidly and lost its strength compared with countries or areas, such as the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) and India.

而其中加工贸易作为广东出口的重中之重,它需要依靠大量劳动力作支撑。但是,过去十年间,中国市场的劳动力成本不断增加,上升速度过快,相比印度及东盟其他国家,中国的劳动力优势下降。

Besides, China’s economy is under the “New Normal” that brings a lower economic-growth. Thus, foreign companies become indifferent to Chinese market and gradually put their investment on other emerging countries and regions like India.

在此基础上,外资及外企的全球布局发生改变。受中国经济发展放缓影响,相比过往的积极投资,外资对中国采取一种观望态度,并逐渐将目光开始转向诸如印度等新兴国家。

In the 117th Canton Fair, processing trade still take a big share, thus it is reasonable to see the decrease of buyers and transaction volume. In short, the prospect of GD’s processing export is under great pressure.

而对广东来讲,其加工贸易占出口比重较大,在广交会上所展销的许多产品也属于加工产品,所以此次广交会出现总体参展商数以及订单数双降的情况也属正常。总之,以劳动密集型产业为主导的广东出口贸易,前景不容乐观。

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Editor: Will

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