Dr. Sun Yat-sen
2014-March-20 Source: Newsgd.com
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Dr. Sun Yat-sen - The Foremost Pioneer in Ending the Several-Millennia long Feudal Monarchy in China

Dr. Sun Yat-sen (1866-1925) was born into an ordinary farming family in the village of Cuiheng on November 12, 1866. His nick name was Dixiang and his school name was Wen. He carried the courtesy name Deming and also used the pseudonym Yixian.

Dr. Sun Yat-sen received a Western-style education at Honolulu, Hawaii, and this went some way to widening his vision in his early years. In his formative days, Dr. Sun witnessed the miseries suffered by the Chinese nation and its people, and consequently he was filled with both a strong patriotic fervor and a nationalist indignation. In his mind, the lofty ideal of saving the country and the people burgeoned. He became possessed by the firm belief that he should help to change the country and along with it the destiny of the Chinese people.

In June 1894, Dr. Sun Yat-sen submitted his proposals for reform to Li Hongzhang (1823-1901) in Tianjin, though these were firmly rejected. Li was a Chinese civilian official who had put down several major rebellions, and had risen to become a leading statesman during the late Qing Empire. This rejection made Dr. Sun realize that in order to revive China, a political revolution, involving the toppling of the feudal monarchy, was necessary. From the inception of the Revive China Society in 1894, Dr. Sun Yat-sen committed himself to the anti-imperialist and anti-feudalist revolution so as to “save the people from extreme miseries and save the nation from decline.”

He traveled around both at home and abroad to unite every possible force to establish the revolutionary society, engaging in campaigns and eventually launching a military rebellion. He developed the Three Principles of the People - nationalism, democracy, and the people's livelihood. Upholding the banner of achieving national independence and freedom and a democratic revolution, he started the Chinese Revolutionary Alliance. This made him the first person to launch a real national democratic revolution in modern Chinese history. Dr. Sun Yat-sen led a total of ten military uprisings during and in the years preceding the Revolution of 1911, namely the Huanggang, the Qinuhu, the Fangcheng, the Zhennanguan, the Qinzhou, the Hekou, the Guangzhou New Army, the Huanghuagang, the Guangzhou (1895) and the Huizhou (1900).

The Wuchang Uprising, which was inspired and encouraged by Dr. Sun Yat-sen, broke out in 1911. This marked the death of the Qing Dynasty and the end of China’s system of monarchy which had endured uninterruptedly for several millennia. In the same year, the first republic in the history of China, and even the whole of Asia, was founded. This opened the door to new development for China. This was the greatest achievement that Dr. Sun Yatsen made for the Chinese people and the nation.

Dr. Sun Yat-sen devoted his entire life to the revolutionary cause. He never surrendered to the hardships, risks, setbacks, twists and turns he encountered on the road to revolution. He launched two revolutions, founded the Chinese revolutionary party, and led the campaigns for safeguarding reform and for protecting the country. Thrice he established a revolutionary regime in Guangzhou. He stalwartly defended the new republican system with armed forces and an indomitable will. He devoted all his efforts throughout his lifetime to making a strong and prosperous China and ensuring the well-being of its people. On March 12, 1925, Dr. Sun Yat-sen passed away from illness in Beijing at the age of just 59.

As a respected leader, a great patriot and an outstanding pioneer of China’s democratic revolution, Dr. Sun Yat-sen’s achievements were truly monumental. He led an authentic democratic revolution, blazing a trail for future revolutionary movements; he overthrew the feudal monarchy and established the first republic in China and in fact Asia, thus erecting a glorious historical milestone; Dr. Sun’ s thoughts, theories and political philosophy greatly contributed to modern China’s development.

 

Even today, Dr. Sun Yat-sen’s theories still serve as a guideline for promoting China’s social development. We have lived to see the realization of several of the great blueprints for national economic development first proposed by Dr. Sun. These include the Three Gorges Project, the development of Pudong, the establishment of Hainan Province, and the completion of the Qinghai-Tibet Railway. He also initiated the idea of regional economic construction with the three harbors in the north, east and south forming the main centers for this. Today, the three prosperous economic regions of the pan-Bohai Sea, the Yangtze River Delta and the Pearl River Delta emblazon his idea.

 

Editor: Olivia
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